With a focus on ex-communication, answer the following questions in a double-spaced essay of 3 pages:
1) In what ways can we conceive of imprisonment as an institutionalized form of ex-communication? How has the system of imprisonment assumed the character of
color in the United States, and what does it mean that the system of mass confinement represents a “new Jim Crow? What are some of the historical roots of
this bias in the system of mass confinement? How do these historical roots become part of the institutions of criminal justice and mass incarceration today?
What are some of the ways that the United States is unique in incarcerating its population?